Panduan Command ls, Linux

Nama Command ls atau list directory contents, merupakan perintah untuk menampilkan daftar file didalam suatu direktori. Pada artikel ini dibahas panduan Command ls, Linux yang paling sering digunakan misalnya menampilkan list file beserta keterangan ukuran file dan tentunya ini sangat bermanfaat untuk mengelola server/VPS dengan OS Linux yang tidak menggunakan control panel berbasis web atau hanya menggunakan SSH terminal klien.

Berikut ini baris perintah ls yang sering saya gunakan, Jika anda hanya ingin sekedar memeriksa berkas-berkas didalam suatu folder ketik ls

ls

Menampilkan list file diikuti dengan keterangan ukuran file berdasarkan satuan: Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte dan PetabyteStackOverFlow.

ls -lah

Adapun Option lainya yang saya copas dari linuxcommand.org, atau anda bisa melihat dengan mengetik perintah pada Linux terminal: man ls

Synopsis

       ls [OPTION]... [FILE]...

Deskripsi

       Daftar informasi mengenai berkas-berkas (dalam suatu direktori/current directory).
       Entri diurutkan berdasarkan abjad jika tidak ada -cftuSUX dan atau --sort.

       Argumen wajib untuk opsi panjang dan juga opsi pendek.

       -a, --all
              do not hide entries starting with .

       -A, --almost-all
              do not list implied . and ..

       --author
              print the author of each file

       -b, --escape
              print octal escapes for nongraphic characters

       --block-size=SIZE
              use SIZE-byte blocks

       -B, --ignore-backups
              do not list implied entries ending with ~

       -c     with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last modification of
              file status information) with -l: show ctime and  sort  by  name
              otherwise: sort by ctime

       -C     list entries by columns

       --color[=WHEN]
              control  whether  color is used to distinguish file types.  WHEN
              may be ‘never’, ‘always’, or ‘auto’

       -d, --directory
              list directory entries instead of contents, and do not  derefer-
              ence symbolic links

       -D, --dired
              generate output designed for Emacs’ dired mode

       -f     do not sort, enable -aU, disable -lst

       -F, --classify
              append indicator (one of */=@|) to entries

       --format=WORD
              across  -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l, single-column -1,
              verbose -l, vertical -C

       --full-time
              like -l --time-style=full-iso

       -g     like -l, but do not list owner

       -G, --no-group
              inhibit display of group information

       -h, --human-readable
              print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

       --si   likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       -H, --dereference-command-line
              follow symbolic links listed on the command line

       --dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir
              follow each command line symbolic link

              that points to a directory

       --indicator-style=WORD append indicator with style WORD to entry names:
              none (default), classify (-F), file-type (-p)

       -i, --inode
              print index number of each file

       -I, --ignore=PATTERN
              do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN

       -k     like --block-size=1K

       -l     use a long listing format

       -L, --dereference
              when showing file information for a symbolic link, show informa-
              tion  for  the file the link references rather than for the link
              itself

       -m     fill width with a comma separated list of entries

       -n, --numeric-uid-gid
              like -l, but list numeric UIDs and GIDs

       -N, --literal
              print raw entry names (don’t treat e.g. control characters  spe-
              cially)

       -o     like -l, but do not list group information

       -p, --file-type
              append indicator (one of /=@|) to entries

       -q, --hide-control-chars
              print ? instead of non graphic characters

       --show-control-chars
              show  non  graphic  characters  as-is (default unless program is
              ‘ls’ and output is a terminal)

       -Q, --quote-name
              enclose entry names in double quotes

       --quoting-style=WORD
              use quoting style WORD for entry names: literal, locale,  shell,
              shell-always, c, escape

       -r, --reverse
              reverse order while sorting

       -R, --recursive
              list subdirectories recursively

       -s, --size
              print size of each file, in blocks

       -S     sort by file size

       --sort=WORD
              extension -X, none -U, size -S, time -t, version -v

              status -c, time -t, atime -u, access -u, use -u

       --time=WORD
              show  time  as WORD instead of modification time: atime, access,
              use, ctime  or  status;  use  specified  time  as  sort  key  if
              --sort=time

       --time-style=STYLE
              show  times  using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale,
              +FORMAT

              FORMAT is interpreted like ‘date’;  if  FORMAT  is  FORMAT1<new-
              line>FORMAT2, FORMAT1 applies to non-recent files and FORMAT2 to
              recent files; if STYLE is prefixed with  ‘posix-’,  STYLE  takes
              effect only outside the POSIX locale

       -t     sort by modification time

       -T, --tabsize=COLS
              assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8

       -u     with  -lt:  sort  by, and show, access time with -l: show access
              time and sort by name otherwise: sort by access time

       -U     do not sort; list entries in directory order

       -v     sort by version

       -w, --width=COLS
              assume screen width instead of current value

       -x     list entries by lines instead of by columns

       -X     sort alphabetically by entry extension

       -1     list one file per line

       SELinux options:

       --lcontext
              Display security context.   Enable -l. Lines  will  probably  be
              too wide for most displays.

       -Z, --context
              Display  security context so it fits on most displays.  Displays
              only mode, user, group, security context and file name.

       --scontext
              Display only security context and file name.

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       SIZE may be (or may be an integer optionally followed by) one  of  fol-
       lowing: kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G, T,
       P, E, Z, Y.

       By default, color is not used to distinguish types of files.   That  is
       equivalent to using --color=none.  Using the --color option without the
       optional WHEN argument is equivalent  to  using  --color=always.   With
       --color=auto,  color  codes  are output only if standard output is con-
       nected to a terminal (tty).

Author: Richard Stallman dan David MacKenzie.




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