Cara install EPrints di Ubuntu/Debian

Eprints adalah software gratis dan open source untuk membangun perpustakaan digital dan repository institusi. Eprints banyak digunakan sebagai repository kelembagaan dan jurnal ilmiah, seperti di universitas.

Berikut panduan cara install EPrints di Ubuntu/Debian selengkapnya. Sebagai contoh berikut detail subdomain dan spesifikasi server Linux yang digunakan pada tutorial ini:

  • Sub-domain: repo.idnetter.com
  • Linux Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Arahkan domain ke IP server

Sebelum instalasi Eprints, arahkan DNS domain ke IP server agar setelah selesai instalasi, Eprints dapat diakses langsung melalui subdomain via browser.

Instalasi EPrints dari paket DEB. Menurut saya ini adalah cara yang paling mudah. Login dengan akun root pada terminal SSH. Kemudian ikuti langkah-langkah berikut:

Tambahkan repository EPrints

Buat file di /etc/apt/sources.list.d/eprints.list

nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/eprints.list

Isinya

deb http://deb.eprints.org/3.4/stable/ ./

Install gnupg

Install paklet gnupg agar dapat menambahkan APT key

apt install gnupg -y

Tambahkan dependensi EPrints dan update

Download APT key EPrints dan update

wget -O - http://deb.eprints.org/keyFile | apt-key add -
apt-get update

Cek rilis versi terbaru EPrints

Dalam contoh ini EPrints 3.4.2

apt-cache show eprints

Install EPrints

Jika sudah dapat versinya install dan pilih versi yang ditetapkan

apt-get install eprints=3.4.2

Tunggu sampai selesai. EPrints akan diinstall di dalam direktori /usr/share/eprints

Setup user root MySQL

Secara default Eprints akan menginstall Apache dan MySQL, untuk akun root MySQL kita perlu mengganti passwordnya, dimana akun root MySQL akan digunakan untuk konfirmasi saat membuat file konfigurasi Archive yang akan kita buat pada EPrints.

mysql -v
use mysql;
ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'gantikatasandiku';
flush privileges;
exit;

Setup EPrints

Selannjutnya mulai setup EPrints dan membuat Archive. Pada EPrints 3.4 (terbaru) ada dua opsi untuk membuat Archive, yakni:

  • zero (minimal)
  • pub (Include Bazaar Eprints plugin)

Dan pada kesempatan ini kita pilih pub, mari kita mulai

Beralih ke user eprints

Kita perlu beralih ke user eprints dan masuk ke direktori dimana EPrints terinstall agar dapat menjalankan perintah epadmin

su eprints
cd /usr/share/eprints

Buat Archive baru

Membuat Archive baru dengan command epadmin. Untuk semua opsi dan parameternya bisa dilihat melalui bin/epadmin --help.

Mulai setup

bin/epadmin create pub

Perhatikan Bagian yang daya tandai warna merah serta tombol dan ikuti instruksinya:

Create a zero Repository

Please select an ID for the repository, which will be used to create a directory
and identify the repository. Lower case letters and numbers, may not start with
a number. examples: "lemurprints" or "test3"
Archive ID? repository

Configure vital settings? [yes] ? Enter

Core configuration for repository
Please enter the fully qualified hostname of the repository.
For a production system we recommend against using the real hostname of the
machine.
Example: repository.footle.ac.uk

Hostname? repo.idnetter.com

Please enter the port of the webserver. This is probably 80, but you may wish
to run apache on a different port if you are experimenting.
Webserver Port [80] ? Enter

Please enter all the aliases which could reach the repository, and indicate if
you would like EPrints to write a Redirect Rule to redirect requests to this
alias to the correct URL.
Some suggestions:
repo.idnetter.com
repo.idnetter

Enter a single hash (#) when you're done.
Alias (enter # when done) [#] ? Enter

Please enter the path part of the repository's base URL. This should probably
be '/'.
Path [/] ? Enter

If you will use https for your user pages (including login) enter the https hostname
here, or leave blank when using http only.
HTTPS Hostname [] ? Enter

Administrator Email? [email protected]tter.com
Enter the name of the repository in the default language. If you wish to enter
other titles for other languages or enter non ascii characters then you may
enter something as a placeholder and edit the XML config file which this
script generates.
Archive Name [Test Repository] ? idnetter Repository

Enter the name of the organisation in the default language. Again, if you wish to enter
other titles for other languages or enter non ascii characters then you may
enter something as a placeholder and edit the XML config file which this
script generates.
Organisation Name [Organisation of Test] ? Digital Library idnetter.com

Write these core settings? [yes] ? Enter

Wrote /usr/share/eprints/archives/repository/cfg/cfg.d/adminemail.pl
Wrote /usr/share/eprints/archives/repository/cfg/cfg.d/10_core.pl
Wrote /usr/share/eprints/archives/repository/cfg/lang/en/phrases/archive_name.xml

Configure database? [yes] ? Enter
Configuring Database for: repository

Database Name [repository] ? db_eprints
MySQL Host [localhost] ? Enter
You probably don't need to set socket and port (unless you do!?).
MySQL Port (# for no setting) [#] ? Enter
MySQL Socket (# for no setting) [#] ? Enter
Database User [repository] ? user_eprints
Database Password [bvZKOVpT] ? Enter
Database Engine [InnoDB] ? Enter
Write these database settings? [yes] ? Enter
Wrote /usr/share/eprints/archives/repository/cfg/cfg.d/database.pl

EPrints can create the database, and grant the correct permissions.
Create database "db_eprints" [yes] ? Enter
Database Superuser Username [root] ? Enter
Database Superuser Password? Password root MySQL yang telah kita atur
Create database tables? [yes] ? Enter

Creating database tables…
Set DB compatibility flag to '3.3.4'.
Done creating database tables.

Create an initial user? [yes] ? Enter
Creating a new user in repository

Enter a username [admin] ? Enter
Select a user type (user|editor|admin) [admin] ? Enter
Enter Password? Ketik password baru untuk admin EPrints

Email? [email protected]
Successfully created new user:
ID: 1
Do you want to build the static web pages? [yes] ? Enter

Starting EPrints Repository.
Connecting to DB … done.
Importing from /usr/share/eprints/archives/repository/cfg/subjects…
Done importing 4 subjects from /usr/share/eprints/archives/repository/cfg/subjects
Reindexing subject dataset to set ancestor data
Reindexing item: subject/a
Reindexing item: subject/a1
Reindexing item: subject/b
Reindexing item: subject/subjects
Done reindexing
Ending EPrints Repository.
Exiting normally.
Do you want to update the apache config files? (you still need to add the 'Include' line) [yes] ? Enter

Add the following line to your apache configuration:
Include /usr/share/eprints/cfg/apache.conf
You must restart apache for any changes to take effect!

That seemed to more or less work…
Now make any required changes to the cfg files.
Note that changing the metadata configuration may require the database
tables to be regenerated. epadmin erase_data will regenerate the
eprints and documents tables only. erase_data will regenerate everything.
(nb. these also do erase the contents of the tables, and any uploaded
files).

Make sure that your main apache config file contains the line:
Include /usr/share/eprints/cfg/apache.conf
Then stop and start your webserver:
Often:
/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd stop
/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd start
(or maybe /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl stop & start)
And then try connecting to your repository.
Don't forget to register your repository at http://roar.eprints.org/

Logout dari user eprints

Logout dari user eprints (kembali sebagai user root)

exit

Sampai disini sudah selesai. Untuk memastikan semua berjalan lancar, exit restart Apache2.

systemctl restart apache2

Uji coba Eprints

Buka browser dan akses subdomain Eprints. Login sebagai admin pastikan semua bisa diakses termasuk Eprints Bazaar.

Selesai, semoga bermanfaat.

idnetter.com melayani jasa install Eprints dengan harga terjangkau. Kontak kami melalui WhatsApp 081235008433

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *