Cara install MariaDB di Ubuntu 20.04

Tutorial cara install MariaDB di Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. Pada kesempatan ini versi yang diinstall adalah MariaDB 10.5.4 sebagai pengganti MySQL. Mari kita mulai dengan membuka program Putty untuk Windows atau Terminal untuk pengguna Mac/Linux. Jangan lupa login sebagai root/sudoer.

Install repository

Anda bisa memilih mirror yang sesuai dengan lokasi server Anda melalui website MariaDB, namun pada tutorial ini saya memilih mirror digitalocean Singapore, karena server saya di Singapore (SG). MariaDB 10.5 merupakan rilis versi terbaru saat postingan ini dibuat.

apt-get install software-properties-common
apt-key adv --fetch-keys 'https://mariadb.org/mariadb_release_signing_key.asc'
add-apt-repository 'deb [arch=amd64,arm64,ppc64el] http://sgp1.mirrors.digitalocean.com/mariadb/repo/10.5/ubuntu focal main'

Update sistem

Setelah menambah repository selanjutnya update sistem

apt update

Install MariaDB 10.5

Langkah berikutnya eksekusi perintah install MariaDB

apt install mariadb-server -y

Start MariaDB 10.5

Perintah untuk menjalankan service MariaDB

systemctl start mariadb

Setup root MariaDB

Setelah instalasi MariaDB berhasil, selanjutnya melakukan pengaturan untuk akun root MySQL atau dan lainnya.

mysql_secure_installation

Ikuti/jawab seperti yang saya tandai warna merah

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and
haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody
can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation.

You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] Y
Enabled successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
... Success!


You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Change the root password? [Y/n] Y
New password: Ketik password
Re-enter new password: Ulangi ketik password
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
... Success!


By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
- Dropping test database...
... Success!
- Removing privileges on test database...
... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y
... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Aktifkan MariaDB 10.5 saat booting

systemctl enable mariadb

Selesai.

Untuk mencoba apakah instalasi dan konfigurasi sempurna, silahkan login ke MySQL console untuk memulai membuat database

mysql -u root -p

Semoga bermanfaat.

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